2017 03 14 Baigėsi SIH organizuotas projektas "Kultūrinė ir tautinė įvairovė Lietuvoje"
Baigėsi SIH organizuotas projektas „Kultūrinė ir tautinė įvairovė Lietuvoje“ , kuris, kaip ir kiekvienais metais, buvo skirtas Vasario 16-ajai ir Kovo 11-ajai paminėti. Dar kartą dėkojame visiems, dalyvavusiems projekte. Ypač norime padėkoti mokytojai Aušrai ir jos studentams už rašinius, kuriais sutiko pasidalinti su mumis.
Unity in Diversity
For such a long time Lithuania has been a multicultural country. Many nationalities have been living together for ages here. Every ethnic minority has brought something exceptional and characteristic into Lithuanian culture.
The world is so big and wide and it is impossible to stay closed. We face different people and their customs and culture every day. And if like that we can know interesting things and find out something we did not know.I have to say that I have not known many different nationalities. I have known the Jews, Russian people. At work I knew Russian colleague and we celebrate of events and I was acquainted with their national customers such as Russian Easters. My best friend is Jewish. She is half Jewish acually. But she married a Jewish and moved to Israel. We met every year. So I have a chance to know Jewish culture. I feel enriched by his experience. Because we are all human and we all need understanding and respect. I know that only open mind and open heart will be able to write all together in the better human future.
Gypsies in Lithuania
Gypsies make up only a small portion of Lithuanian population. Lithuanian Gypsies consist of traditional pre 1940 communities and soviet – era migrants from Ukraine and Moldova. These two groups speak different dialect of the Romany language.
Next to Vilnius international airport there is a unique Gypsy district “Taboras” full of illegally constructed wooden sneaks whose owners refuse to pay any taxes.
This district (the only one in the Baltic states) of some 500 people is a major drug dealing spot. There were many attempts to curtail this activity and to resettle the Gypsies into social housing, but all of them have failed so far.
Many Lithuanian Gypsies have unique unwritten moral code. For example it permits them steal and forbids them to have a toilet in their homes.
The family is of utmost importance and Gypsies have more children than any other Lithuanian community. Unregistered teenage marriages (14 -16 - old – girls) are common. Some children attend school, yet others do not as education is not valued. Money is the most valued possession. Who has a lot of money is respected and has the power. But to earn money is not important.
Most Gypsies are officially jobless although a few have successful musician careers. Gypsy folk music ensemble “Sare Roma” had won international recognition. The most famous person is a pop singer Radži.
Successful Gypsies do not want to be called Gysies, they prefer to be called Roma. The are very concerned about negative review of their nation.
Belorussian minority in Lithuania
Belorussians are one of the closest neighbors of Lithuanian. We have almost the same history. Between 8-12th centuries indigenous Baltic speakers assimilated with the Slavic tribes in the current territory Republic of Belarus. Belarus and Lithuanian areas were parts of the Grand Duchy of Lithuania in the 13-18th centuries. At the end of the 18th century the major part of the Duchy of Lithuania the current territory of the Republic of Belarus – were occupied by the Russian Empire. Belarus and Lithuania became independent republics in the beginning at the 20th century.
During the 20th century both countries or pats of ther were occupied by Poland, Soviet Union and Germany. Obviously we have almost identical history and some histories roots.
The Belorussian minority is the third largest national minority in Lithuania. According, to the 2011 census – 36,000 persons claimed to be Belorussians – Ethnic Belorussians mainly live in Eastern part of Lithuanian – the town of Visaginas as well as in the municipalities of Vilnius and Klaipėda which is Western part of Lithuanian.
Also, the districts of Švenčonys and Šalčininkai. There are no Belorussian political parties in Lithuanian, but there are many civil society organizations like KROK Center of Belorussian culture, Belorussian Human Rights House in Exile, „Belarus Watch“ and etc.
European Humanities University founded in Minsk, Belarus, but currently located in Vilnius. The University contains proximately 1100 students. Belorussians have one periodical “Run”, 3 news portals. Prancistus Skorina released the first book in the old Belorussian language in Lithuania on August 1517. We have Pranciskus Skorina secondary school in Vilnius which teaches in Belorussian language.
Many Belorussian students study in Lithuanian Universities through various exchange programs. Also International Summer Schools supported by the Adenauer Foundation always takes Belorussian youth. As we can see, Lithuania plays a big role in the Belorussian culture and allows peaceful free life to the Belorussian minority.
History of Lithuanian Jews
Jews began living in Lithuania as early as the 13th century. In 1388 they were granted a charted by Vytautas under which they formed a class of freemen subject in all criminal cases directly to the jurisdiction of the Ground Duke and his official representatives and in pretty suits to the jurisdiction of local officials on an equal looking with the lesser nodules boyars, and other free citizens.
Lithuanian was historically home to a large and influential Jewish community that was almost entirely eliminated during the Holocaust. Before the World War II the Lithuanian Jewish population was about 7% of the total population. Vilnius had a Jewish community about 45% of the city’s total population. There were over 110 synagogues about 10 yeshivas in Vilnius alone. About 2.000 Jews were wanted in Lithuania during the 2005 census.
The post-war numbers are horrifying: only 24.000 Jews survived. Or, shall it be. Said, that 90 percent of Jews had murdered.
Vilnius Jewish population today is 5000 a mere five percent of what it once was. The country is home 6.500 Jews, some 200 of whom are Holocaust survivals. Most of the two hundred pre-war communities were decimated, wiped off the map entirely. There is only one Jewish newspaper. Only few people speak Yiddish. Today there remains exactly one synagogue in Vilnius.